How to understand hematocrit test results?
The hematocrit test determines the number of red blood cells. Why is a hematocrit test needed? A hematocrit test is needed to check for the proportion of red blood cells. A low red blood cell count, or low hematocrit, indicates anemia. Suspected anemia is the most common reason for hematocrit testing. A hematocrit is sometimes called a HCT. Feb 12, · Results. Results from your hematocrit test are reported as the percentage of blood cells that are red blood cells. Normal ranges vary substantially with race, age and sex. The definition of normal red-blood cell percentage also varies from one medical practice to another. Generally, a normal range is considered to be: For men, to percent.
It does matter if you are a marathon maven or a CrossFit champion, you should never overlook the importance of getting a regular checkup. While orbs in photos what are they people understand the importance of getting a regular checkup, they still have little information about how to read blood test how to use a first aid kit. By getting information about how to read these tests, you will get an idea about how well your organs are working.
Keep reading to discover more. Before going any further, you need to have clear knowledge about measuring units used for different blood tests. Here are some of the terms and their meanings:. The CBC test helps evaluate your health by measuring three types of blood cells — white blood cells, red blood cells, and platelets. You need to know about blood cells to learn how to read blood test results.
Normal range: 4, cmm. Your CBC test will show the white blood cell count that will help evaluate the performance of your immune system. Also called leukocytes, white blood cells increase in number when there is an infection in your body. There five types of white blood cells, including eosinophils, basophils, lymphocytes, neutrophils, and monocytes.
The blood test measures the shapes, numbers, and how to keep our face fresh and glowing of these different types of white blood cells. The WBC differential what is the zodiac sign for february 24 find out if the numbers of different cells are in proportion to each other.
Any irregularity here indicates inflammation, anemia, autoimmune disorders, infections, or other health concerns. The role of red blood cells is to deliver oxygen to tissues in your body. You may have high RBC counts due to kidney problems, dehydration, or a heart condition. On how to read hematocrit test results other hand, low RBC counts may indicate nutritional deficiency, anemia, kidney problems, or bone marrow damage.
Here is more about red blood cells that will help you understand how to read blood test results properly:. The information in the chart below will be of great help if you want to learn how to read blood test results. The test provides information about the liver enzyme ALT. If your test result is outside of the normal range, it usually indicates liver damage. Your liver makes this protein, and high albumin levels usually indicate kidney or liver problems.
Your blood has two types of protein — globulin and albumin. This test compares the levels of both these proteins to help identify any health condition that needs attention. It is the enzyme present in bone and liver, and abnormal results indicate bone or liver related problems.
Found in the heart and liver tissue, the measurement of this enzyme helps identify problems related to heart and liver. This helps measure liver and kidney functions. If you have high values, you may have kidney problems; however, high protein diet and excessive use of medications may also affect your test results.
It provides information if your kidneys are getting rid of waste properly. High levels of creatinine mean your kidneys are not excreting waste properly. High values may indicate kidney problems, certain types of cancer, and overly active thyroids.
A deficiency of vitamin D may also raise levels of calcium in bloodstream. Usually measured as part of an electrolyte panel, abnormal values show an overly acidic environment in your body.
It may also happen due to multiple myeloma, dehydration, adrenal gland what does valeting a car mean, or kidney disorders. You may get high test values if you take certain medications, are under stress, or have ingested sugar in your body just recently. High levels of phosphorus in body mean you may have kidney problems.
This what vitamins do peas contain happen due to long-term antacid use, alcohol abuse, malnutrition, or excessive intake of diuretics.
It helps maintain proper muscle functions, relay nerve impulses, and regulate heartbeats. You may have high levels due to high blood pressure drugs and diuretics. It helps maintain a balance in water levels and aids with muscle contractions and nerve impulses. High levels may be the result of excessive intake of corticosteroids, salt, and pain-relieving medications.
When your doctor orders a lipid profile, they ask for a collection of tests that measure different types of cholesterol as well as triglycerides or fats in your blood. You have good cholesterol HDL and bad cholesterol LDL in your body, and a total cholesterol test measures the levels of both types of cholesterol.
Triglycerides are fats found in your blood and are often responsible for causing heart disease with many other health problems. HDL is the short form of high-density lipoprotein and is good cholesterol. It helps protect you against heart disease. LDL or low-density lipoprotein is bad cholesterol and clogs your arteries that increases risk for developing heart disease. The ratio tells a lot about your risk for heart disease.
It is obtained by dividing your good cholesterol value into total cholesterol. Copyright WWW. Last Updated 22 April, How to Read Blood Test Results. Blood Test Measurements Before going any further, you need to have clear knowledge about measuring units used for different blood tests. WBC Differential Count There five types of white blood cells, including eosinophils, basophils, lymphocytes, neutrophils, and monocytes.
Here is more about red blood cells that will help you understand how to read blood test results properly: Hemoglobin: Red blood cells can carry oxygen due to a protein called hemoglobin. It is important to measure hemoglobin in your blood to determine if your tissues and organs are receiving enough O2.
Hematocrit: The measurement shows the number of red blood cells in the volume of blood. Mean corpuscular value: The test measures the average side of red blood cells — corpuscle is just another name for blood cell. Abnormal-size red blood cells may indicate a vitamin B12 deficiency.
Your test is considered normal if it falls between 80 and femtoliters. Mean corpuscular hemoglobin: It is measurement of the average amount of hemoglobin present inside RBCs. It is not uncommon to evaluate it along what is a melodic line the mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration.
Red cell distribution width RDW : The test provides an idea about the size and shape of red blood cells. In this case, how to read hematocrit test results does not refer to the size of the cells, but it indicates measurement of distribution. Abnormal values may indicate anemia, liver disease, nutritional deficiencies, and other health conditions. Platelets and mean platelet value MPV : Platelets are actually fragments of blood cells and help prevent excessive bleeding and heal wounds.
The normal value is betweenand ,mL. If your platelet count is belowmcL, it increases your risk for excessive bleeding. High platelet count increases risk for blood clots. The mean platelet value: The test shows the average amount of platelets in your blood. If it is outside the normal range, which is between 7. Albumin 3. Bilirubin 0. Calcium Phosphorus 2. Potassium 3. Lipid Panel or Lipid Profile When your doctor orders a lipid profile, they ask for a collection of tests that measure different types of cholesterol as well as triglycerides or fats in your blood.
Total Cholesterol You have good cholesterol HDL and bad cholesterol LDL in your body, and a total cholesterol test measures the levels of both types of cholesterol. Triglycerides Triglycerides are fats found in your blood and are often responsible for causing heart disease with many other health problems. LDL Bad Cholesterol LDL or low-density lipoprotein is bad cholesterol and clogs your arteries that increases risk for developing heart disease.
Its measurement helps identify problems related to kidney and liver function, such as anemia.
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Jul 25, · A hematocrit test is a measurement of the red blood cells in your blood. Learn how it's done and what the results can nicedatingusa.com: Rachel Nall, MSN, CRNA. May 27, · The hematocrit is the quantity of red blood cells in any given quantity of blood as a percentage of the blood that is being tested. The value is represented in percentage form and may be close to 50% for men and close to 40% for women. It is a test that is conducted as a part of a normal blood evaluation where values for the concentration of other components of blood such as . Oct 08, · The height of the total blood in the capillary tube (red cells, white cells and serum equals %). The height of the red cell column divided by the height of the total fluid in the capillary tube equals the hematocrit (percentage of RBC's in the total blood volume). This test can be performed in a few minutes.
Hematocrit blood test is part of a complete blood cell count CBC and it measures the percentage of red blood cells RBCs in your blood. Results from a hematocrit Hct blood test can tell a doctor a lot about your general health.
Usually, doctors will take into account other factors on a CBC blood test if you have low or high Hct levels. Normal hematocrit Hct levels indicate that your blood has enough red blood cells to carry oxygen to your cells. Low Hct levels can show that you have anemia, a vitamin deficiency, or bleeding. A low hematocrit can make a person feel fatigued, drowsy, or have difficulty breathing. This can result in a person with high Hct levels feeling weak, dizzy, and having frequent headaches.
In this article, you will learn about the hematocrit blood test and what it can mean if you have abnormal Hct levels. Of course, if you have any abnormalities in CBC test results, your doctor will diagnose the cause and recommend a course of treatment. However, in this article, you will find out how to address some of the issues that are associated with low or high Hct levels.
The definition of hematocrit is the percentage of red blood cells that you have in your blood. Hematocrit readings in a CBC blood test are usually written as a percentage.
William C. Shiel on MedicineNet says that hematocrit levels can be calculated using the average volume of red blood cells and determining the amount of hemoglobin. Another way to check Hct levels is to put blood in a test tube and centrifuge it. Doctors can then measure the proportion of red blood cells at the bottom. Checking for normal hematocrit levels is one of the RBC indices that can help doctors diagnose many health conditions.
When trying to understand blood test results, many wonder about the difference between hematocrit and hemoglobin. According to the book Clinical Methods , hemoglobin is the protein found in red blood cells. Red blood cells need the protein hemoglobin to deliver oxygen to cells and tissues in the body. A lack of hemoglobin in RBCs will mean that a person will show signs and symptoms of anemia.
Hematocrit is a calculation comparing the volume of red blood cells with the total volume of blood. Labs tests also have to take into consideration the mean corpuscular volume of your red blood cells.
Hemoglobin and hematocrit blood tests are sometimes measured together and provide similar clinical information. This is as follows: 3. Low Hct level is any level below the normal hematocrit range, taking into consideration age and sex.
According to Dr. Charles Patrick Davis on eMedicineHealth, there are other factors like being pregnant and living at high altitude that can affect hematocrit lab test results. Elevated hematocrit is rarer than decreased Hct levels and is called polycythemia.
If you are pregnant, then increased hematocrit is the same as for women who are not pregnant. This is because there is decreased oxygen concentration in the atmosphere.
There are various types of anemia and reasons why a person can develop symptoms of anemia. However, low Hct levels usually show that a person is anemic, and doctors need to diagnose the reasons why not enough oxygen is being delivered in the blood. According to the journal Critical Care Medicine , determining hematocrit and testing hemoglobin levels can help to determine how much anemic a person is. Low Hct, as well as other RBC indices, can also help to determine why the anemia has developed.
Other symptoms of anemia can include: 6. Low hematocrit can mean that you also have certain nutritional deficiencies that are connected to anemia. The World Journal of Gastroenterology reported that low Hct can indicate a lack of folic acid and vitamin B This is often accompanied by an iron deficiency and a person showing the classic symptoms of anemia.
Many people have deficiencies in B-group vitamins. This includes folic acid vitamin B9 , vitamin B6, and vitamin B As well as showing signs of anemia, symptoms of a B12 deficiency can also include:. If you suffer from rheumatoid arthritis, you may also have low hematocrit and a lack of oxygen-rich blood cells.
The journal Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology published a study on blood test results on people with rheumatoid arthritis. It was found that low hemoglobin levels in the blood were usually associated with the severity of the disease. Low hematocrit in arthritis patients can also lead to other diseases. If you suffer from joint inflammation and pain because of arthritis, you should check for a vitamin D deficiency.
Also, you should consume foods that help to reduce inflammation and can act as a natural remedy for arthritis. Not having enough hematocrit can also be symptomatic of depression, increased anxiety, and panic disorder.
According to information published in the journal, Human Psychopharmacology: Clinical and Experimental , depression can increase inflammatory responses in the body. This can result in having hematocrit lower than the normal range. Researchers also found blood test results from depressed people show an increase in neutrophils and leukocytes. Some natural remedies to help deal with symptoms of depression include taking 5-HTP or SAM-e supplements, and psychotherapy.
You can also try taking turmeric supplements because some studies have shown that turmeric can have an antidepressant effect. If you suffer from chronic pain associated with fibromyalgia, then lab test results may show that your hematocrit is lower than normal.
Inflammation in the body affects the production of red blood cells and white blood cells. The journal Arquivos de Neuro-Psiquiatria reported in that fibromyalgia can affect women in many ways. For example, depression and increased sexual dysfunction are some of the associated conditions with fibromyalgia. However, the study also showed that frequently fibromyalgia sufferers have lower than normal hemoglobin and hematocrit levels.
If you are living with any kind of chronic pain , then you might find that D-Ribose supplements can help deal with the symptoms of fibromyalgia. Kidney disease can also affect the production of red blood cells and cause hematocrit to drop significantly.
A study published in in the Journal of Medical Biochemistry found that red blood cell production is controlled by hormones that are secreted by the kidneys. People with chronic kidney disease usually have lower than the normal range of hematocrit and hemoglobin.
For example, excess sugar, smoking, overindulgence of alcohol, and a lack of exercise put extra strain on your kidneys.
Drinking plenty of water is one of the best ways to keep your kidneys healthy and prevent infection. Low hematocrit can mean that you have inflammation in your digestive tract that is affecting the volume of red blood cells. The International Archives of Allergy reported that ulcerative colitis a form of inflammatory bowel disease can affect hematocrit levels.
It was found that people with digestive disorders and autoimmune conditions show signs and symptoms of anemia. This is often due to internal bleeding in the digestive system. Other signs of inflammatory digestive conditions include:. Low Hct is often associated with certain autoimmune conditions , and checking hematocrit levels can help doctors recommend the best course of treatment. For example, the journal Transfusion Medicine and Hemotherapy reports that some autoimmune conditions can result in anemia.
Low mean platelet volume MPV in a lab blood test can also be used to identify some autoimmune conditions. Doctors often arrange for Hct test if a person complains of symptoms that are associated with low hematocrit.
Researchers from the University of Rochester Medical Center say that symptoms of low hematocrit include the following: A blood test result that shows increased Hct levels could cause or be symptomatic of a number of health conditions. Charles Patrick Davis says that people with congenital heart disease usually have high hematocrit. Exercising regularly, eating a well-balanced diet with plenty of fruits and vegetables, and controlling stress are just some of the ways to lower your risk of a heart attack.
If you suffer from high blood pressure, there is a chance that you have above normal hematocrit in CBC results. A study in published in the Journal of Clinical Laboratory Analysis found that patients who have high blood pressure often had high Hct, hemoglobin, and red blood cell count values.
Usually, those at risk of diabetes had a high BMI and were overweight. Elevated Hct can be one of the early signs of diabetes. Metabolic syndrome describes a collection of conditions like high blood pressure, excess belly fat, and high cholesterol. Very often, overweight or obese persons have abnormally high hematocrit.
In time, this can cause various symptoms and complications that are associated with polycythemia vera a slow-growing blood cancer. To treat the symptoms of abnormal hematocrit, doctors will run more tests to diagnose exactly what the underlying cause is.
If you show signs of low Hct and need to increase hematocrit, then there are a number of ways you can do this naturally. Aerobic activity can help to increase hematocrit and reduce the symptoms of certain forms of arthritis and heart disease. Because many factors influence hematologic indices, it can be difficult to determine exactly what influences hematocrit levels. However, according to research hematocrit increases significantly during exercise. Over time, regular exercise can normalize Hct values and also improve heart health and the cardiovascular system in general.
For some ideas on how to regularly exercise at home to lose weight , please read my article on how to transform your body in 4 weeks and how walking can help you lose weight. Another way to exercise to increase red blood cell volume and raise hemoglobin levels is to do high-intensity interval training or HIIT exercises. Although hematocrit returned to the pre-exercising levels about an hour after completing the exercise, high-intensity interval exercising did have a positive effect on red cell indices.
HIIT exercises are one of the best ways to lose excess body fat quickly and help get a healthier body. You can find more information about HIIT exercises in my article on how interval training boosts weight loss and improves health. This can help to address any issues that anemia or an iron deficiency are causing.
The journal BBA Clinical reported that iron-fortified foods can help to treat symptoms of an iron deficiency. Eating foods that are naturally rich in iron or have been fortified with iron can help to increase hematocrit and hemoglobin.
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