Common Causes of Foot and Ankle Swelling
Aug 27, · A swollen foot may be caused blood vessel blockage, lymphatic blockage, or trauma from an injury. Other causes of swelling in one foot include skin infections like cellulitis, or ankle arthritis which can also be the cause of one swollen ankle. Read below for more causes, related symptoms, and treatment options for a swollen foot. Apr 14, · The retention of water and blood can cause swelling in the legs. Foot, leg, and ankle swelling can also occur while taking particular medications, such as: steroids; estrogen or testosteroneAuthor: Krista O'connell.
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List of Partners vendors. Swelling in the ankles and feet is a prevalent symptom and can have a variety of causes. How much does a divorce attorney cost in florida way that doctors pinpoint the cause of swelling is by noting whether it is occurring in one limb, or both equally. In many cases, the cause of swelling is something that requires medical attention, such as an infection or injury.
If the swelling has a sudden onset, medical care should always be sought immediately. Some of the most common conditions that can cause foot or ankle swelling include the following. The most common foot and ankle injuries that cause swelling include ankle sprains, torn tendons, and fractures. These are conditions that are more likely to occur with athletic activity or any recent increases in activity, such as walking or running on new terrain.
Arthritis, or joint inflammation, can cause localized swelling in the foot or ankle. Osteoarthritis is a common form of arthritis that may cause occasional swelling, usually in a single joint. Gout is another form of arthritis that typically produces a very painful, red, swollen big toe joint.
Gout can also affect the ankle. Some autoimmune diseases cause swelling and arthritis that affect both feet equally, such as rheumatoid arthritispsoriatic arthritis, lupus, and reactive arthritis. Problems with leg veins, such as how to avoid procrastination and laziness veins or spider veins, often cause swelling in the lower limbs.
Veins return deoxygenated blood to the heart, and as we age they may how to start an mlm home business damaged, which results in swelling of the legs and ankles. This is known as venous insufficiencyand the most common signs are one limb that periodically swells although both can be affectedvaricose or spider veins on the leg or ankle, and a brown skin discoloration that can develop over time.
Pain and swelling in the lower leg can also be signs of a blood clot, also known as a deep vein thrombosis DVTwhich can lead to life-threatening complications and requires immediate medical attention. Conditions that create leg immobility can put a person at risk for a DVT such as air travel, a leg cast, or illness requiring bed rest. Other risk factors include obesity, smoking, pregnancy, use of birth control medications, and inherited blot clotting disorders.
If you are a woman taking birth control medications, your risk of DVT is further increased if you also smoke or have an inherited blood clotting disorder known as Factor V Leiden. Skin infection is a common cause of swelling and is usually accompanied by pain and redness. Swelling is often seen with infected ingrown toenails onychocryptosisinfections between toes, and severe forms of athlete's foot.
Other ways infection can occur in the feet include trauma, such as puncture wounds or nail injuries, and diabetic wounds. Although much less common, an infection can occur in joints even without direct trauma.
Swelling in both ankles and feet during pregnancy is a common occurrence. Swelling in the legs can occur after giving birth as well, and can last a few days after the delivery. Swelling during pregnancy should be discussed with your doctor or midwife. Any sudden onset of swelling during pregnancy requires immediate medical attention, as it could signify preeclampsia.
Medical conditions that are known to cause swelling that affects both legs equally include heart disease, kidney disease, liver disease, and chronic sleep apneahow to do easy ripstik tricks complications of diabetes. How to cure an ulcer naturally syndrome PMS is also a well-known cause of swelling in the ankles and feet.
Some prescription medications can cause swelling that affects both legs equally. They include birth control pills or estrogen replacement drugs, testosterone drugs, corticosteroids, anti-inflammatory drugs such as NSAIDs, certain blood pressure medicines, and the diabetes drugs Avandia and Actos.
Alcohol can also cause swelling in ankles or feet. Dealing with joint pain can cause major disruptions to your day. Sign up and learn how to better take care of your body. Click below and just hit send! Musculoskeletal conditions of the foot and ankle: assessments and treatment options.
Best Pract Res Clin Rheumatol. Gout: An old disease in new perspective - A review. J Adv Res. Youn YJ, Lee J. Chronic venous insufficiency and varicose veins of the lower extremities. Korean J Intern Med. American Heart Association. Updated March 30, Risk prediction of developing venous thrombosis in combined oral contraceptive users. Swollen ankles, feet and fingers in pregnancy.
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I Accept Show Purposes. Table of Contents View All. Table of Contents. Vein Problems. Blood Clot. Medical Conditions. Get Medical Attention for Sudden Swelling In many cases, the cause of swelling is something that requires medical attention, such as an infection or injury.
Causes and Prevention of Varicose and Spider Veins. An Overview of Deep Vein Thrombosis. Was this page helpful? Thanks for your feedback! Sign Up. What are your concerns? Article Sources. Verywell Health uses only high-quality sources, including peer-reviewed studies, to support the facts within our articles. Read our editorial process to learn more about how we fact-check and keep our content accurate, reliable, and trustworthy. Related Articles. Popliteal Vein: Anatomy and Function.
Anatomy and Function of the Great Saphenous Vein. Knee Arthritis: Signs and Symptoms. What to Know About Varicose Veins.
Everything you need to know about pain in the lower leg. How Aging Affects What would cause one foot and ankle to swell Feet.
When to seek medical advice
The swelling is accompanied by a fever; Also seek immediate medical care if you're pregnant and develop: Sudden foot swelling; A noticeable change in foot swelling; Swelling in only one foot or leg; Sudden swelling along with other new signs or symptoms such as severe headache, vision changes, upper abdominal pain, nausea or vomiting, or. Swelling of the arms, feet, ankles, and legs is called edema. It is caused by extra fluid collecting in the tissues. Because of gravity, extra fluid in the body settles to the lowest part. That is why the legs and feet are most affected.
Question: What causes one ankle swelling? Are there home remedies for painfully swollen right or left ankle? Your ankles support your legs, carry the weight of your entire body and are important for movement. Any injury to your ankle joint may cause swelling and pain of one or both ankles. If you experience swelling of one ankle joint, it is crucial you see your doctor.
In mild cases, you may have a minor knock that causes pain and mild swelling. If this is the case, swelling may resolve in a few days. However, there is a risk that your ankle swelling is life-threatening. In some cases, ankle and calf swelling may be due to deep venous thrombosis DVT. DVT is a serious medical condition when clots forms inside your veins, especially in your calf and legs.
If this happens, there is a risk of pulmonary embolism that occurs if clot detaches and travel to lungs. Another serious reason for one ankle swelling is a skin infection. Infection of the skin, medically referred to as cellulitis, can cause ankle swelling if you have a laceration or cut on your skin.
If this happens, you will have swelling affecting only one ankle. The truth is, many factors can trigger leg, ankle and foot swelling. If you smoke, there is a possibility you already have a serious illness. Smoking is a major risk factor for the formation of blood clot in your veins. Other risk factors are high blood pressure, diabetes, elderly men and women over 60 years, chronic alcoholism, cancer, and obesity.
Also, your lifestyle could be affecting your health and could cause your ankle to swell. In some cases, ankle swells up after sitting, walking or standing for long hours. Therefore, because of the risk involved, and how difficult it is to determine the cause on your own, it is essential to see your doctor for help. If you developed swelling on one of your ankles, its normal you will be worried and want quick answers.
Here are the common causes of only one ankle swelling. Trauma to your ankle bones, ligament or tendon, can cause swelling. If you just had an accident or twisted your ankle joint, swelling may be due to an ankle sprain. Ankle sprain means your ligaments that provide stability to the ankle is inflamed.
In severe cases, the ligament is torn causing joint instability. Symptoms of a sprained ankle are swelling, pain, inability to walk , and stiffness. If you have an ankle sprain, it is essential to see your doctor. This is necessary to assess the extent of the injury. These basic recommendations help in reducing your pain and prevents your injury from getting worse. Take Non-steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs to help with the pain. An ankle sprain can cause excruciating pain, and you will need a quick relief of symptoms.
Medications like ibuprofen or naproxen will make you calm. Besides a sprain, if you develop swelling of one ankle with pain, it could be due to osteoarthritis. Then again, osteoarthritis can affect other joint too. So, if you feel pain in your hip, knee, or both ankles, its likely due to arthritis.
In simple terms, osteoarthritis means breakdown or loss of joint cartilages at your ankle joint. The bone cartilage is vital in providing cushioning effect by preventing bones from rubbing against each other. If cartilage at your ankles gets worn out, it causes direct contact of bones at the joint. This can cause mild or severe swelling and pain of one ankle. Risk factors for osteoarthritis vary among individuals, though obesity and old age are the main predisposing factors.
Other risk factors are bone deformity, prior injury to your ankle joint, previous joint surgery, and jobs that make you use a particular joint all the time. Symptoms of osteoarthritis are stiffness of your joint, decreased flexibility, rigidity at joint after resting for a while, ankle pain, grating sound during movement, and swelling of the ankle.
Treatment of osteoarthritis will depend on the severity of the inflammation. The goal is to reduce the tenderness and pain at your joint and improve joint flexibility. Weight loss, exercise, painkiller tablets or cream can make you feel okay. See your doctor for further treatment options. Deep vein thrombosis, or DVT as it is commonly called, is the formation of clot within your deep veins.
If you have swelling of one leg, there is a chance it could be DVT. Though rare, a Deep vein thrombosis affects 2 in people in the United States. While a lot of people with a blood clot will have no symptoms, it could become fatal if clot moves through your blood and block the pulmonary artery Pulmonary embolism.
Because DVT could be fatal or cause life-threatening complications pulmonary edema , it is crucial you talk to your doctor as soon as possible. Your doctor will quickly ask you some questions and also examine your musculoskeletal, respiratory and cardiovascular systems. If you smoke, it is important you tell your doctor too. Treatment options are available. However, the aim is primarily preventing small clots from growing bigger.
Your doctor will prescribe blood-thinning medications that reduce your chances of forming clots. In severe cases, thrombolytic drugs clot breakers are prescribed to break down already formed clots. It is important you do not take medications on your own. These medications can cause severe bleeding due to interfering with the normal clotting mechanism. It is best to see your doctor to decide what works best for you.
Also, regularly following up with your check up prevents complications. In some instance, the time it takes for your blood to clot is continually monitored. It is best you follow your doctor advice and clinic appointments. Skin infections in your lower extremities can cause a swollen ankle. A swollen, red-looking, inflamed ankle after a cut, insect bite, laceration or break in skin surface may be due to skin infection. Doctor refer skin infection as cellulitis, and it is caused by bacterial infection.
Symptoms are fever high body temperature , redness, pain and swelling of right or left ankle, or an overlying skin sore. The truth is, cellulitis is more likely to happen if your immune system is weakened. Other factors that increase your chances of developing skin infection are Diabetes Mellitus, HIV infection, and persistent IV drug use. Depending on the severity of the infection, medications will be prescribed for a long time, sometimes lasting for three weeks. Drugs are antibiotics and painkillers to help with pain.
If there is a sore on your ankle, your doctor will request for daily wound dressing. If you see your doctor early enough, its unlikely cellulitis will worsen.
Untreated or poorly treated cellulitis of the ankle joint can cause pus accumulation. If you think your ankle is swollen for no reason, you may be incorrect. A heart, kidney, liver disease can cause the swelling of your ankle without any physical insult. If you have osteoarthritis, swelling of the ankle is a sign. It is important you see your doctor to be sure its nothing serious.
Swelling of one ankle without pain may also be due to heart and kidney disease. Swelling of the extremities or peripheral edema can affect one or both ankles. Systemic illnesses usually do not cause pain. If you feel pain and swelling in your ankle, it could be due to an underlying problem. Swelling of the right ankle only can happen for the above-listed reasons. Ankle sprain, osteoarthritis, Deep vein thrombosis, gout, dislocation, fracture of the lower tibia or fibula bones, fracture of the talus or calcaneus, and cellulitis.
Tagged under: ankle pain ankle swelling bones of foot foot pain foot swelling heel pain. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Notify me of follow-up comments by email. Notify me of new posts by email. Last updated on July 26th, at pm Question: What causes one ankle swelling? Therefore, because of the risk involved, and how difficult it is to determine the cause on your own, it is essential to see your doctor for help Here are some questions to expect When did you notice swelling of your ankles?
Do you experience swelling of the other ankle too? Is the swelling on your ankle compressible? Did you fall or twist your ankle while walking, running, jogging or playing a sports game?
Do swelling come and go or have been persistent and getting worse? Is there anything that makes your swelling go away? Is there anything that makes your ankle swelling worse? This article explains causes of left or right ankle swelling and what to do to feel okay.
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